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In the fog of mental confusion Flynn at gala dinner: Greg Miller, “Trump’s pick for national security adviser brings experience and controversy,” WP, Nov. 17, 2016. GRU, Misha, RT gala: Harding, Collusion, 116, 121, 126. Tweets: see previous note; also see Bryan Bender and Andrew Hanna, “Flynn under fire,” Politico, Dec. 5, 2016. Flynn apologized for transmitting the anti-semitic message.

On December 29, 2016 McFarland quotation and generally: Michael S. Schmidt, Sharon LaFraniere, and Scott Shane, “Emails Dispute White House Claims That Flynn Acted Independently on Russia,” NYT, Dec. 2, 2017.

Barack Obama personally Warnings from Obama and Yates: Harding, Collusion, 130, 133. Trump fires Yates: Michael D. Shear, Mark Landler, Matt Apuzzo, and Eric Lichtblau, “Trump Fires Acting Attorney General Who Defied Him,” NYT, Jan. 30, 2017. Flynn pleads guilty: Michael Shear and Adam Goldman, “Michael Flynn Pleads Guilty to Lying to the F.B.I. and Will Cooperate,” NYT, Dec. 1, 2017.

In addition to Flynn Philip Bump, “What Jeff Sessions said about Russia, and when,” WP, March 2, 2017. Pema Levy and Dan Friedman, “3 Times Jeff Sessions Made False Statements to Congress Under Oath,” Mother Jones, Nov. 8, 2017.

Trump’s secretary of commerce Bank: “Kak novyi ministr torgovli SShA sviazan s Rossiei,” RBK, Dec. 6, 2016; James S. Henry, “Wilbur Ross Comes to D.C. with an Unexamined History of Russian Connections,” DCReport, Feb. 25, 2017; Stephanie Kirchgaessner, “Trump’s commerce secretary oversaw Russia deal while at Bank of Cyprus,” TG, March 23, 2017. Vekselberg: Harding, Collusion, 283. Reburiaclass="underline" Eltchaninoff, Dans la tête de Vladimir Poutine, 46.

Once named secretary of commerce Jon Swaine and Luke Harding, “Trump commerce secretary’s business links with Putin family laid out in leaked files,” TG, Nov. 5, 2017; Christina Maza, “Putin’s daughter is linked to Wilbur Ross,” NW, Nov. 28, 2017.

The United States had never Elaine Lies, “Tillerson says State Department spending ‘simply not sustainable,’ ” Reuters, March 17, 2017; Colum Lynch, “Tillerson to Shutter State Department War Crimes Office,” Foreign Policy, July 17, 2017; Josh Rogan, “State Department considers scrubbing democracy promotion from its mission,” WP, Aug. 1, 2017.

The weakening of American diplomacy Aug. 2016: Michael Morell, “I Ran the CIA. Now I’m Endorsing Hillary Clinton,” NYT, Aug. 5, 2016. Asset: Glenn Carle quotation: Jeff Stein, “Putin’s Man in the White House?” NW, Dec. 21, 2017. Three experts: Alex Finley, Asha Rangappa, and John Sipher, “Collusion Doesn’t Have to Be Criminal to Be an Ongoing Threat,” Just Security, Dec. 15, 2017. Sanctions: “Sanctioned Russian Spy Official Met with Counterparts in US,” NYT, Jan. 30, 2018; Julian Borger, “US ‘name-and-shame’ list of Russian oligarchs binned,” TG, Jan. 30, 2018; John Hudson, “Trump Administration Admits It Cribbed from Forbes Magazine,” BuzzFeed, Jan. 30, 2018.

Trump himself repeatedly Matthew Haag, “Preet Bharara Says Trump Tried to Build Relationship With Him Before Firing,” NYT, June 11, 2017; Harriet Sinclair, “Preet Bharara, Fired By Trump, Says ‘Absolutely’ Enough Evidence for Obstruction Probe,” NW, June 11, 2017. Trump used the term “hoax” numerous times; for example: Tweet, Jan. 2018: “total hoax on the American public.”

The FBI had been investigating Allies: Luke Harding, Stephanie Kirchgaessner, and Nick Hopkins, “British spies were first to spot Trump team’s links with Russia,” TG, April 13, 2017. FBI investigates Page: Marshall Cohen and Sam Petulla, “Papadopoulos’ guilty plea visualized,” CNN Politics, Nov. 1, 2017. Comey timelines: Glenn Kessler and Meg Kelly, “Timeline,” WP, Oct. 20, 2017; Morgan Chalfant, “Timeline,” The Hill, May 9, 2017.

Even so, the FBI Pressure: Matt Apuzzo, Maggie Haberman, and Matthew Rosenberg, “Trump Told Russians That Firing ‘Nut Job’ Comey Eased Pressure From Investigation,” NYT, May 19, 2017. Israeli double agent: Harding, Collusion, 194. Julie Hirschfeld Davis, “Trump Bars U.S. Press, but Not Russia’s, at Meeting with Russian Officials,” NYT, May 10, 2017; Lily Hay Newman, “You Can’t Bug the Oval Office (for Long Anyway),” Wired, May 11, 2017.

In the aftermath Puppet: PK, May 10, 2017. Putin on Comey: Vesti, May 14, 2017. Mueller firing: Michael E. Schmidt and Maggie Haberman, “Trump Ordered Mueller Fired, NYT, Jan. 25, 2018. Trump lying: James Hohmann, “Five Takeaways from Trump’s Threatened Effort to Fire Mueller,” WP, Jan. 26, 2018. Law and order: “FBI urges White House not to release GOP Russia-probe memo,” NBC, Jan. 31, 2018.

Russia enabled and sustained Pomerantsev, Nothing Is True, 49.

In important respects Chava Gourarie, “Chris Arnade on his year embedded with Trump supporters,” Columbia Journalism Review, Nov. 15, 2016; Timothy Snyder, “In the Land of No News,” NYR, Oct. 27, 2011. Layoffs: Mark Jurkowitz, “The Losses in Legacy,” Pew Research Center, March 26, 2014.

It was an American Moonves: James Williams, “The Clickbait Candidate,” Quillette, Oct. 3, 2016. Twitter accounts: Steven Levitsky and Daniel Ziblatt, How Democracies Die (New York: Crown, 2018), 58. On spectacle, see Peter Pomerantsev, “Inside the Kremlin’s hall of mirrors,” TG, April 9, 2015.

Unlike Russians Alice Marwick and Rebecca Lewis, “Media Manipulation and Disinformation Online,” Data & Society Research Institite, 2017, 42–43, sic passim. Tamsin Shaw, “Invisible Manipulators of Your Mind,” NYR, April 20, 2017; Paul Lewis, “Our minds can be hijacked,” TG, Oct. 6, 2017. 44% figure: Pew Research Center, cited in Olivia Solon, “Facebook’s Failure,” TG, Nov. 10, 2016. For a profound description of the undoing of the psychological preconditions to democratic politics, see Schlögel, Entscheidung in Kiew, 17–22.

Though internet platforms Facebook products: Elizabeth Dwoskin, Caitlin Dewey, and Craig Timberg, “Why Facebook and Google are struggling to purge fake news,” WP, Nov. 15, 2016. 56 million: Craig Timberg, “Russian propaganda effort helped spread ‘fake news’ during election, experts say,” WP, Nov. 24, 2016. Russians promote Fox and Breitbart: Eisentraut, “Russia Pulling Strings.”