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Xu Mingxu. 2000. "Tibet Question: A New Cold War." Paper Presented at the 18th World Congress of the International Political Science Association, August, Quebec City.

Yegenoglu, M. 1998. Colonial Fantasies: Towards a Feminist Reading of Orientalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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Younghusband, F. 1910. India and Tibet: A History of the Relations Which Have Subsisted between the Two Countries from the Time of Warren Hastings to 1910; With a Particular Account of the Mission to Lhasa of 1904. London: John Murray.

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Zheng Shan, ed. 2001. A History of Development of Tibet. Trans. Chen

Guansheng and Li Peizhu. Beijing: Foreign Language Press. Zizek, S. 2001. On Belief. London: Routledge.


Kundun (video recording). 1992. Walt Disney Video. Directed by M. Scorsese, produced by B. de Fina.

Lost Horizon (DVD). 1937. Directed and produced by Frank Capra.

Seven Years in Tibet (video recording). 1992. Tristar Pictures and Madalay Entertainment. USA. Directed by Jean-Jacques Annaud, produced by Jean-Jacques Annaud, I. Smith, and J. H. Williams.

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Publication History

Chapter 2 was published in New Political Science. Copyright 2007 Taylor and Francis. Reprinted with permission. New Political Science is available online at http://journalsonline.tandf.co.uk.

A portion of chapter 3 was published as "Archive and the Poetics of 'Exotica Tibet,'" in Tibetan Borderlands: Proceedings of the Tenth Seminar of the IATS, 2003, ed. P. C. Klieger (Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2006). Reprinted with permission.

Chapter 4 is adapted from "The Tibet Question and the West: Issues of Sovereignty, Identity, and Representation," in Contemporary Tibet: Politics, Development, and Society in a Disputed Region, ed. Barry Sautman and June Teufel Dreyer (Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, 2006). Reprinted with permission.

Chapter 4 draws on "A Story to Be Told: IR, Postcolonialism, and the Tibetan (Trans)Nationalism," in Power, Postcolonialism, and International Relations: Reading Race, Gender, and Class, ed. G. Chowdhry and S. Nair (London: Routledge, 2002). Reprinted with permission.

Chapter 5 draws on "(Re)Imagining Nationalism: Identity and Representation in Tibetan Diaspora in South Asia," Contemporary South

Asia 9, no. 3 (2000): 271-87, and "Travel-routing Diaspora…: Homing on Tibet," Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies 12, no. 3 (2003): 211-29. Reprinted with permission. Contemporary South Asia may be found at http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals.

Chapter 6 was previously published as "A Guide to Little Lhasa in India: The Role of Symbolic Geography of Dharamsala in Constituting Tibetan Diasporic Identity," in Tibet, Self, and the Tibetan Diaspora: Voices of Difference, ed. P. C. Klieger (Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Academic Publishers, 2002). Reprinted with permission.




subjectivity and,



American foreign policy,

American social science: international relations as,

Amin, S.,

ancient Greeks,

archive; Shangri-La as Utopian,

Aris, M.,

autonomy, xviii,; real,; suzerainty and,. See also Chinese suzerainty-Tibetan autonomy formula

Bell, C.,

Blavatsky, Madame H.,

Bogle, G.,


Bradley, H.,

British expedition of Tibet of 1903-4,; Younghusband's account of the,.

See also Invasion of Tibet, British; Tibet mission of 1903-4; Younghusband expedition

British expedition of Tibet of 1922-23,

British imperialism;

and Tibet, xviii

Brown, C.


spread in the West

See also Tibetan

Buddhism Buddhism of Tibet or Lamaism,

The, Butler, J.

See also performativity Buzan, B.,

Campbell, D.,

Candler, E.,

Chan, S.,

Chapman, F. S.,

Chinese nationalism,

Chinese representations of Tibet

Chinese suzerainty-Tibetan

autonomy formula,


Chos srid gnyis Idan (religion and politics combined),. See also religion and politics

Christian missionaries


civilizing, imperialism as

Clapham, C.,


Clifford, J.,

Clinton, B.,

Cold War, xv,

constructionist theories,

Cultural Revolution,

cultural turn,

Curzon, Lord,

Daily Mail

Dalai Lama;

dual role as religious as well as political leader;

and the emphasis on preservation of culture;

the figure of,; Hein-rich Harrer and,; Nobel Prize,; Shugden affair,; as a symbol of peace; as a symbol of Tibetan nation; and Tashi Lama

(Panchen Lama)

Tibetan government-in-exile, led by, xiv, xix

Dalai Lama, Fifth

Dalai Lama, Fourteenth

Dalai Lama, Thirteenth

Dalby, S.,

Darby, P.

Das, S. C.,

David-Neel, A.

Davidson, L.

Deasy, H. H. P.

debasement, xvii,


deconstruct/deconstructive/ deconstruction,

Desideri, Ippolito,

Dharamsala, xix,

diaspora, xv-xviii; Tibetan,



antidisciplinarity, xiv, discipline: IR as,

Discovery of America, The,


Doty, R., xv,

Dreyfus, G.,

Du Halde, P. J. B.,

East India Company,

Ekvall, R. A.,


eroticization, xvii,


antiessentialism and,

See also strategic essentialism

ethnocentrism, xv, xvii,


Evans-Wentz, W. Y.,

exile: conscious adoption of the term,;

cultural survival of Tibetan identity in,;

Dalai Lama in,;

homeland and,;

nationalism among Tibetans in,;

Tibetans in,

feminism,; as critical IR theory,


Forbidden City,

Foreign Office,

Forman, H.,

Foucault, M.,

Free Tibet,

Ganden monastery,


Gere, R.,



Goldstein, M. C.,

Great Game, xv,

Grenard, F.,

Grueber and D'Orville,

Grunfeld, T.,

Guru massacre,

Gyatso, Palden,

Harrer, H.,

Harris, C.,

Hastings, W.,

Hedin, S., hierarchization,

Hillary, E.,

Hilton, J.,

Hobsbawm, E.,

Hoffman, S.,


Holsti, K. J., 2

homeland,; diaspora and,; return to,; Tibetan,

146; unified/original Tibetan,

Hopkirk, P.,

Huber, T.,

human rights,;

Dalai Lama and,;

as a tool, xvi,;

violation in

Tibet, Hunt, M.,

idealization, xvii,

; Tibet's,

imagining community,

imperialism, xviii,; and

IR, xv,;

and Orientalism,; and postcolonialism,; and representation of the non-Western

Other,; Western,

India and Tibet,

infanitilization, xvii,

instrumentalist-primordialist debate,

International Commission of Jurists,



International Studies Quarterly,

invasion of Tibet, British,

. See also British expedition of Tibet of 1903-4

invasion of Tibet, Chinese

Kabbani, R.,

Kapstein, M. K.,

Kawaguchi, Ekai,

Kibreab, G., 126

Kim and Kim,

Kipling, R.,. See also Kim and


Klein, B. S.,

Klieger, P. C.,

Knaus, J. K.,

Knight, G. E.,


Kolas, A.,

Korom, F. J.,

Krishna, S.,


Lamaism, 45, 47, 48, 81, 144

Lamaist state,

Lamb, A.,

land of snows,