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In July 2016 Trump quotation: Melissa Chan, “Donald Trump Says Vladimir Putin Won’t ‘Go Into Ukraine,’ ” Time, July 31, 2016. Manafort and Opposition Bloc: Kenneth P. Vogel, “Manafort’s Man in Kiev,” Politico, Aug. 18, 2016; Peter Stone and Greg Gordon, “Manafort flight records show deeper Kremlin ties,” McClatchy, Nov. 27, 2017.

CHAPTER 6

The rise of Donald Trump Timothy Snyder, “Trump’s Putin Fantasy,” NYR, April 19, 2016, includes most of these citations and sources. See also: Dugin: “In Trump We Trust,” Katekhon Think Tank video, posted March 4, 2016; Kozyrev: “Donald Trump’s Weird World,” NYT, Oct. 12, 2016. For “our president”: Ryan Lizza, “A Russian Journalist Explains How the Kremlin Instructed Him to Cover the 2016 Election,” NY, Nov. 22, 2017.

The Russian media machine Quotation: Lizza, “Russian Journalist.” Sputnik: Craig Timberg, “Russian propaganda effort helped spread ‘fake news’ during election, experts say,” WP, Nov. 24, 2016; “Hillary Clinton’s Axis of Evil,” Sputnik, Oct. 11, 2016. Trump on RT on Sept. 8: Adam Taylor and Paul Farhi, “A Trump interview may be crowning glory for RT,” WP, Sept. 9, 2016.

When Trump won Applause: “Donald Trump has been Made an Honorary Russian Cossack,” The Independent, Nov. 12, 2016. Kiselev and eunuch, arms, porch, housekeeper: Vesti Nedeli, Rossiia Odin, Nov. 13, 2016; Nov. 20, 2016; Dec. 25, 2016; Jan. 22, 2017. I am toning down Kiselev’s vulgarity.

The politics of eternity are full For background: Craig Unger, “Trump’s Russian Laundromat,” New Republic, July 13, 2017; Franklin Foer, “Putin’s Puppet,” Slate, July 4, 2016.

Throughout the exercise His finances will be discussed below. Quotation: Donald Trump, Tweet, Jan. 6, 2018.

Russian gangsters began Unger, “Trump’s Russian Laundromat.”

A Russian oligarch bought Harding, Collusion, 272. Dmitry Rybolovlev: Franklin Foer, “Donald Trump Isn’t a Manchurian Candidate,” Slate, July 27, 2016; Philip Ewing, “Subpoena for Deutsche Bank May Put Mueller on Collision Course with Trump,” NPR, Dec. 5, 2017. Bank debts: “Trump Bankers Question His Portrayal of Financial Comeback,” Fortune, July 17, 2016; Keri Geiger, Greg Farrell, and Sarah Mulholland, “Trump May Have a $300 Million Conflict of Interest with Deutsche Bank,” Bloomberg, Dec. 22, 2016. $55 million: Luke Harding, Collusion (London: Guardian Books, 2017), 13, 283. Deutsche Bank’s laundering: Ed Caesar, “Deutsche Bank’s $10-billion scandal,” New Yorker, Aug. 29, 2016.

The Russian offers Unger, “Trump’s Russian Laundromat”; Matt Apuzzo and Maggie Haberman, “Trump Associate Boasted,” NYT, Aug. 28, 2017; Natasha Bertrand, “The Trump Organization,” BI, Nov. 23, 2017.

Russia is not a wealthy country Trump Tower Moscow: Gloria Borger and Marshall Cohen, “Document details scrapped deal,” CNN, Sept. 9, 2017. Tweet: Oct. 17, 2015.

The final deal never went through “Our boy”: Apuzzo and Haberman, “Trump Associate Boasted.” 70%: Natasha Bertrand, “The Trump Organization,” BI, Nov. 23, 2017.

Trump was broadcasting unreality RT and birtherism: Scherr, “Russian TV Channel.”

From a Russian perspective Jon Swaine and Shaun Walker, “Trump in Moscow,” TG, Sept. 18, 2017. The video: Allan Smith, “Trump once made a cameo,” BI, July 10, 2017; Mandalist Del Barco, “Meet Emin Agalarov,” NPR, July 14, 2017.

The Soviet secret police V. V. Doroshenko et al., eds., Istoriia sovetskikh organov gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti: Uchebnik (Moscow: KGB, 1977), especially at 206–7; Christopher Andrew and Oleg Gordievsky, KGB (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1990), 67–78; John Dziak, Chekisty (Lexington: Lexington Books, 1988), especially at 49; Władyław Michniewicz, Wielki Bleff Sowiecki (Chicago: Wici: 1991); [Jerzy Niezbrzycki], “ ‘Trest,’ ” VO, vol. 7, no. 1, 1950, 119–33; Timothy Snyder, Sketches from a Secret War (New Haven: Yale UP, 2005); Iuri Shapoval, Volodymyr Prystaiko, Vadym Zolotar’ov, Ch.K.-H.P.U.-NKVD v Ukraini (Kyiv: Abrys, 1997); Piotr Kołakowski, NKWD i GRU na ziemiach polskich 1939–1945 (Warsaw: Bellona, 2002); Rafał Wnuk, “Za pierwszego Sowieta” (Warsaw: IPN, 2007).

The cold war, by the 1970s For similar reflections, see Pomerantsev, Nothing Is True, 199, 213. Screen time: Jacqueline Howard, “Americans devote more than 10 hours a day to screen time, and growing,” CNN, July 29, 2016.

Russia under Putin Slept through: Vladimir Nikonov on the program Voskresnyi vecher s Solov’evym, Rossiia-24, Sept. 10, 2017; discussion in Zachary Cohen, “Russian politician: US spies slept while Russia elected Trump,” CNN, Sept. 12, 2017. The general attitude that war was defensive: Nikita Mironov, interview with Alexander Dugin, Open Revolt, March 20, 2014; Vladimir Ovchinskii and Elena Larina, “Kholodnaia voina 2.0,” Izborsk Club, Nov. 11, 2014. Previous targets: Matthews, “Russia’s Greatest Weapon May Be Its Hackers”; “Seven Years of Malware Linked to Russian State–Backed Cyber Espionage,” Ars Technica, Sept. 17, 2015; Frenkel, “Meet Fancy Bear”; Gerodimos et al., “Russia Is Attacking Western Liberal Democracies.”

Kiselev called information war 2013: Jochen Bittner et al., “Putins großer Plan,” Die Zeit, Nov. 20, 2014. Izborsk: Vitaly Averianov, “Novaia staraia kholodnaia voina,” Izborsk Club, 23 Dec. 2014, article 4409. Quotation: Rutenberg, “How the Kremlin built.” See also Donna Brazile: Hacks (New York: Hachette), 67.

During the 2014 presidential These operations were discussed in chapters 3, 4, and 5. For additional detail on Estonia, see “Estonia and Russia: A cyber-riot,” The Economist, May 10, 2007; Kertu Ruus, “Cyber War I,” European Affairs, vol. 9, nos. 1-2, 2008.

The Russian war against Ukraine T-50: Kanygin, “Bes, Fiks, Romani i goluboglazyi.” Red flag: Separatist interview (V). Borodai: “Eks-prem’er DNR posovetoval Obame ‘zabrat’sia na pal’mu,’ ” TopNews.ru, Aug. 21, 2014. Antiufeev quotation: Kanygin, “ ‘Pridnestrovskii general Vladimir Antiufeev.” Glazyev quotation: “Predotvratit’ voinu—pobedit’ v voine,” Izborsk Club, Sept. 2014, article 3962. December 2014 Izborsk quotation: Averianov, “Novaia staraia kholodnaia voina.”